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Offenders | Who commits crime and why?

The NSCR has a longstanding tradition in studying criminal careers. Research at the NSCR focuses on when (at what point in life) and why people start committing offenses. We study for example when a criminal career escalates, or, in contrast, when individuals desist from crime.  Equally important is research that focuses on the factors that influence starting, continuing and quitting a criminal career. There are certain important life-events that seem to be able to prevent criminal careers from escalation, or may decrease the risk at least, for example: finding a job, a place to live, or ending up in a stable romantic relationship. Criminal behaviour itself may, of course, also have some serious consequences for life-course development.

Within the scope of this research group, we also focus particularly on family members of offenders, in order to study intergenerational transmission of criminal and antisocial behaviour. Growing up in a criminal family may increase the risk for children to develop a criminal career as well, but on the other hand, not all children end up being an offender. What are the explanations for this? We focus on potential explanations for intergenerational continuity as well as resilience in our work. We also try to apply existing theories on specific offender groups e.g. organized crime offenders, outlaw motorcycle gang members, domestic violence offenders, and to specific “new” types of crimes, such as cybercrime and terrorism/extremism.

In our work, we use varying research designs and methods, such as longitudinal survey data, and population or registration data (for example from the police). We use social network analyses to map the criminal networks of offenders over time, and we additionally combine quantitative methods with qualitative methods gained from interviews or file research.

Program leader: Veroni Eichelsheim

ESC Best Article of the Year Award

The relationship between criminal behaviour over the life-course and intimate partner violence perpetration in later life focuses on the predictors of intimate partner violence (IPV) in late adulthood. The study is based on the Criminal Career and Life-Course Study, a longitudinal study of men and women convicted in the 1970s and an age matched non-convicted […]

Human behavior and the similarities with nonhuman primates

Virginia Pallante started her study in biology driven by the interest in how social cohesion is maintained in gregarious animals, trying to understand if similar strategies are shared across different species and how different societies shape the expression of such strategies. She further investigated these issues by focusing on nonhuman primates’ conflict management, a topic […]

Victim of online crime sees little use in reporting to the police

In particular, offenses aimed at ICT systems, such as malware, ransomware, hacking and DDoS attacks, are rarely reported to the police. The most frequently cited reasons people give are that they “solve it themselves” and that “the police will not do anything about it.” In half of the cases, victims who did report the crime […]

Inaugural lecture Arjan Blokland at Aalborg University

Invitation to inaugural lecture by Obel Professor Arjan Blokland Tuesday 1 December 2020 | 14.00 – 15.00 “You don’t suppose you can run a railway in accordance with the statutes of the state of New York, do you?” Studying corporate crime through a life-course lens Blokland’s research interests involve the evolution of delinquency and crime […]

Growing up in a single-parent family increases the risk of criminal behaviour during adolescence

In the European Union and the United States 15 and 27% of children, respectively, grow up in a single-parent family. Although the proportion of single-parent families has remained stable in recent decades, a clear shift is visible in how single-parent families come into being: this happens more often due to a divorce or with the […]

NWO-Veni and two NWO-Vidi’s for NSCR researchers and fellows

Veni | Choosing the good side: factors that lead to non-criminal hacking Dr Marleen Weulen Kranenbarg | VU University Amsterdam | Fellow NSCR Cybercrime In contrast to criminal hackers, non-criminal hackers actively help in securing IT-systems. By examining lifecourse characteristics of non-criminal hackers, as well as situational and cultural factors, this study will show why […]

Scientifically strengthen police research and practice

The research program is in line with the Strategic Research Agenda for the Police, and examines how police action works, in what circumstances those action work, for whom, and by whom it works. NSCR uses advanced scientific methods and the latest, current insights and theories, applied to the Dutch context. The program takes research into […]

Young people use alcohol and drugs while hanging out with peers

Most prior studies on adolescent substance focus on the individual but not on the setting. For example, adolescents who spend more time with peers are known to be more likely to use alcohol and drugs. It is typically assumed but not verified that alcohol and drugs use actually takes place during the time spent with […]

Our online behaviour is much more unsafe than we think

Online crime is common and the impact on victims can be significant. Despite technical measures such as virus scanners and firewalls, much of the victimization can be traced back to people’s behaviour. The aim of this research was to map out how the Dutch really behave online. Interventions can be developed on this basis in […]