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Reactions to crime and its effects | Legislation, law enforcement and sanctions

Societies try to prevent and sanction crime by implementing criminal, civil or administrative laws and regulations to prohibit harmful behaviour. These laws are enforced by different public or private actors such as the police, the prosecutors’ office, courts, (independent) supervisory authorities or private individuals (e.g. neighbourhood watch).

After a crime has been committed, a variety of things may happen: suspects can be arrested and tried, eye witnesses may be called to testify, defendants might be found guilty and convicts can end up in prison or receive another sanction. NSCR examines different aspects of societal (and institutional) responses to crime, and focuses on both national and international crimes and responses. With an emphasis on criminal justice, we investigate the functioning and consequences of such societal responses to crime.

To study this, we use a variety of methods and datasets. For instance, we follow defendants during their journey through the legal system. We investigate police practice through interviews and observations. Using file reviews, we analyse how judges or prosecutors of the International Criminal Court make their decisions. We question prisoners or probationers about their sanction, re-offending and life-course. And, we ask citizens about their interactions with the legal system.

Program leaders: Barbora Holá and Anja Dirkzwager

Face-touching behaviour as a possible correlate of mask-wearing

The study Face-touching behaviour as a possible correlate of mask-wearing: A video observational study of public place incidents during the COVID-19 pandemic published in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases offers an analysis of the association between mask-wearing and face-touching in a Western European context, which was tested in two studies. Study 1: sample of both masked […]

Video analysis of peer relationships: rich data, a lot of work

Video makes it possible to perform very precise conversational and behavioural analyses. As technology keeps getting better and easier to use, more and more research is done this way. The WORP meets every three months to exchange experiences. Hoeben: ‘We are a multidisciplinary working group with educationalists, psychologists, criminologists and sociologists from – currently – […]

First Dutch Encyclopaedia Empirical Legal Studies

More and more often, legally relevant questions are answered in various areas of law, such as family law, liability law, law of evidence or (international) criminal law, using empirical research. Such empirical legal research focuses on the assumptions on which the law is based, the way in which that law functions in practice and the […]

Curfew during lockdown: number of people on the street not much different

Also read our factsheet One Year of Social Distancing Behavior on the Streets of Amsterdam. Drawing on video footage from municipal public space cameras in Amsterdam, we investigated behavioral compliance with a curfew installed as a Covid-19 mitigating measurement in a period of lockdown. Based on the existing studies of the effect of curfews on […]

3 years after #MeToo: the benefits of online disclosure

The study Slachtoffers van seksueel geweld en seksueel grensoverschrijdend gedrag onder de radar (Victims of sexual violence and hidden, transgressive sexual behaviour) focuses on the motivations and expectations of victims when they share their experience of sexual violence and transgressive sexual behaviour publicly and online (online disclosure). The research also examined the responses from society and […]

Inaugural lecture Arjan Blokland at Aalborg University

Invitation to inaugural lecture by Obel Professor Arjan Blokland Tuesday 1 December 2020 | 14.00 – 15.00 “You don’t suppose you can run a railway in accordance with the statutes of the state of New York, do you?” Studying corporate crime through a life-course lens Blokland’s research interests involve the evolution of delinquency and crime […]

NWO-Veni and two NWO-Vidi’s for NSCR researchers and fellows

Veni | Choosing the good side: factors that lead to non-criminal hacking Dr Marleen Weulen Kranenbarg | VU University Amsterdam | Fellow NSCR Cybercrime In contrast to criminal hackers, non-criminal hackers actively help in securing IT-systems. By examining lifecourse characteristics of non-criminal hackers, as well as situational and cultural factors, this study will show why […]

Victim rediscovers identity and sense of meaning through contact with fellow victims

Victims and survivors of a traumatic event often experience a loss of identity as a result of this. Part of their identity is rediscovered through interaction with fellow sufferers, state participants in peer groups. A weight also falls off their shoulders when they share experiences with others. They notice that somebody who has not experienced […]

Scientifically strengthen police research and practice

The research program is in line with the Strategic Research Agenda for the Police, and examines how police action works, in what circumstances those action work, for whom, and by whom it works. NSCR uses advanced scientific methods and the latest, current insights and theories, applied to the Dutch context. The program takes research into […]