This research programme is strongly rooted in theories that emphasize situational causes of crime (as opposed to individual causes), including not only rational choice theory, routine activity theory, crime pattern theory, and space-time geography, but also broken windows theory and social disorganisation theory.
The research topics vary with respect to their focus on actors (offenders, victims, bystanders/guardians, law enforcement), spatial scale (e.g., individual addresses, street segments, neighbourhoods), temporal scale (e.g., hours, days, years) and types of crime (e.g., burglary, robbery, poaching).
Many findings are based on the analysis of geo-referenced and time-referenced police records, law enforcement registry data and databases on the locations and characteristics of businesses and other facilities. In addition, information from questionnaires, time use surveys and innovative instruments such as cameras and smartphones is used in empirical research.
Members of this thematic group founded and lead the ESC Working Group ‘Space, place & crime’ and are prominent in the ‘Crime and Place’ Working Group and in the Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis (ECCA) network.
Spatial and Temporal Crime Patterns: Recent news