The sanctions cluster not only concentrates on the offenders who experience these various types of restrains, but also on the different actors within the criminal as well as the civil and administrative justice system who impose and execute these sanctions (e.g. public prosecutors, judges, prison staff, probation officers, inspectorates, and other local and administrative authorities).
The cluster’s research program focuses on the determinants, execution, and consequences of sanctions. More specifically, the members of this cluster examine topics like the determinants of sentencing, why (criminal) justice actors and other authorities impose sanctions on offenders in specific circumstances, and how those sentenced perceive their punishment. Furthermore, an important research line within this cluster deals with the intended and unintended effects of imprisonment and other restraining sanctions (e.g. probation supervision and community service) on future criminal behaviour as well as on other life-course outcomes (like labour market prospects, financial situation, health, social networks, and offenders’ partners and children).
This cluster employs normative theories on why societies impose such sanctions and how ideas regarding sentencing change over time. Furthermore, Bonta’s What Works approach in combination with the Good Lives Model as well as Deterrence and Procedural Justice theories are applied to explain the (absence of) effectiveness of sanctions on further criminal behavior and other important life domains. The life-course perspective will help to disentangle and understand the interrelationships between these life domains, and their link with criminal behaviour.
This cluster uses a variety of data, such as registered data on offenders’ criminal behaviour and on decisions of criminal justice actors, survey data, data from structured and in depth interviews, data from participating observation, and field experiments.
By combining different theoretical perspectives and using different research methods, the research of this cluster will enhance current knowledge on the aims, execution, and effects of freedom restraining sanctions.
Sanctions: Recent news